Recently, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) released the Guidelines for the Standardization of New Energy Vehicles in 2018, which once again mentioned the formulation of standards for low-speed electric vehicles, which aroused widespread concern among industry insiders. The standard and management of low speed electric vehicle has always been the focus of domestic manufacturers. So how do they manage low speed electric vehicles abroad, especially in Europe, America and Japan?
First, "low speed electric vehicle" in foreign countries called what?
As early as 1998, the U.S. Highway Traffic Safety Administration defined such vehicles as "low-speed vehicles." In Japan, the ministry of Land, Land and Transport defines such low-speed electric vehicles as "subcompact vehicles" and has a special system for them: "Subcompact Vehicle Certification System". In Europe they call it a "light quadricycle". The names differ, but they are all low-speed, short-range vehicles with four wheels and a shape similar to a passenger car.
Second, is there a large number of such "low speed electric vehicles" abroad?
After investigation and research, foreign "low speed electric vehicle" is not like what we imagine grandma to drive a car to go shopping in the supermarket, office workers can buy a car without crowded subway. The overall number of foreign "low-speed electric vehicles" is not large. Take the United States for example, in 2008, the total number of low-speed electric vehicles in the United States was about 45,000, and the growth rate in recent years is still very slow, accounting for less than 0.02% of the total number of vehicles.
How to manage "low speed electric vehicle" in foreign countries?
In the United States, there is a reason that cannot be ignored, that is, the strict requirements of the Product liability law of the United States and the sky-high fines on illegal enterprises, so that the production and sales enterprises do not dare to cross the line, let alone have the courage to promote the use of vehicles with safety risks to consumers. Other countries are also extremely strict in the regulation of "low speed electric vehicles" :
First, there are limits on the maximum speed of "low speed electric vehicles" : the U.S. highway traffic safety administration limits the maximum speed of low speed vehicles to between 32 and 40km/h. The European Union strictly limits its maximum speed to 45km/h, and anything that does not meet the rules will not be allowed to enter the market. Secondly, various countries have clear regulations on the admittance conditions and product safety standards of low-speed electric vehicles.
What are the conditions for using "low-speed electric vehicles" abroad?
Meeting the admittance conditions and product safety standards is only the premise for the low-speed electric vehicle to be allowed on the road. If you want to drive this "low-speed electric vehicle", you also need to meet the following conditions:
1. Driver's license is required; 2. Registration, registration and inspection are required (the United States requires registration of the vehicle and purchase of insurance); 3. Need to drive in a fixed driving area or route.
In general, in practice, North America, Japan and other countries and regions try their best to ensure the legal and safe operation of low-speed electric vehicles by defining fixed driving areas or routes, setting access conditions and product safety standards for enterprises, and setting strict application guarantee conditions.